The Halley or Hawley Family

The Virginia Genealogist Volume 28, Number 4 pages 281-292

By Ann H. Mack

La Canada, California



The next installment of Ann Mack’s wonderful research is on the Fourth Generation.



When Henry and William Hawley took up their patents in the 1710s and raised their children, the fourth generation of immigrant James Hawley, the Indians were still a major threat to the settlers. After the Treaty of Albany was signed with the Iroquois in 1722, there was a short respite in hostilities and the population grew so quickly that within twenty two years two new counties were formed from Stafford’s territory: Prince William and Fairfax.


The Hawley family lands on the south side of the Occoquan were still in Stafford until Prince William was formed in 1730/1. The loss of county records during this time has left many gaps in the family lines. Hopefully other researchers may be able to fill in the details from their family records. This paper has used primary sources and only a few family histories and has indicated in footnotes conflicting records or questions that have arisen.




HENRY HAWLEY was named as eldest son of Henry Hawley, Jr., in several Prince William deeds.1 This younger Henry sold property to James French prior to 1733, indicating that he was over 21; his birth has been placed as ca.1705 in Stafford County.


Even though it was not specifically stated in any deed, it appears that Henry and his brother Thomas shared a 235 acre patent from their father (see Thomas Hawley below).2 This land was sold to James Gregg prior to his death in 1743 since Gregg’s will specified “… 236 acres of the said land I bought of Henry and Thomas Halley …”3 In addition, Henry Halley was taxed on 234 acres of land on both the 1737 and 1739 Prince William County tax rolls.4 These facts strongly support the original premise: that Henry received land from his father and shared that land with his brother Thomas.


Henry voted in the 1741 election for the Virginia House of Burgesses in Prince William County5 so he may have had some other land or holdings on which to base his vote. To date no records have been found to confirm this theory.


Henry handled the sale of his deceased brother Francis’ lands to James French. This sale was noted in the 17 deed.6


Henry Hawley married Judith Reno around 1730.7 She was born ca.1711, the daughter of immigrant Lewis Reno and sister of Thomas. These facts are confirmed by Judith’s 1764 deposition when she avers that she “… is the daughter of old Mr. Reno” and that she was 54 years old at that time.8


Henry definitely died prior to 24 Feb. 1756 when Thomas Reno exhibited an account against the estate.9 He may have died as early as May 1755 when Judith, alone, was sued for debts by John Champe & Co.10 There are no tax assessments in 1753 or 1754 for Henry but the lack of assessment does not prove his death as the records were not kept too carefully. He apparently died intestate, since Thomas Reno and Judith Halley were named as administrators, not executors.”

A sad story emerges from the Court Order Books of the period concerning Henry’s family. In July 1756 Francis Halley was named guardian of Henry’s orphans: Margaret, Thomas, Mary and Sarah Halley.12 William Ellezy, Gent., entered into bond for Francis. Francis quickly brought suit in Chancery against the administrators, Judith Halley and Thomas Reno, to account the estate.13 There followed a series of motions calling the administrators to court, but they never appeared. The docket shows several entries for this cause from 1757 through July 1762 14. Seemingly no estate settlement or satisfaction ever occurred. The real answer lies in the missing Prince William records or in some box in the court house.


Margaret’s name appeared only on the first suit in 1756 which leads to the belief she died or married before 1757.


Several questions are posed by this sketch: Who was Francis Halley? He was not a brother to Henry, since that Francis was deceased by 1741.15 Was Francis the eldest child of Henry and Judith or a cousin (son of William Halley)? If he were the eldest child, he would be at least 21 in 1756 to hold a guardianship and have been born no later than 1735. Apparently no other child had reached his majority by 1762 when they were still called “orphans”16. This would place their births no earlier than 1742. The order book marginal notation uses “Halley’s Orphans” to describe Francis, Thomas, Mary and Sarah Halley, the plaintiffs, in 1757 and 1762.17


I do not feel this is conclusive evidence that Francis is a son of Henry. 18 Were there other older children of Henry and Judith? In Aug. 1754 a John Halley was sued by William Muse for damages19 and in Dec. 1754 a John Halley from Prince William was a soldier on the frontier under Capt. Thomas Waggoner.” This soldier was 24 years old, which places his birth ca.1732.21 A Henry Halley was defendant in a suit in Aug. 1762.22 Later Henry, Francis and John moved to Bedford Co., Va. Who were their parents?


The children of Henry and Judith (Reno) Hawley were




Sarah (all minors in 1756)

(?) Francis


THOMAS HAWLEY seems from the evidence to have been the second son of Henry Halley, Jr. He was probably born ca.1710 and purchased a grist mill from John Britt on the south side of Holms Run in the northern part of Prince William County in 1733.23 This property was in that part of Prince William which later became Fairfax. His brother-in-law Zachariah Miles witnessed the deed. No sale deed has been found for this property; it is probably in the lost Prince William records.


Thomas already had a moiety in a 235 acre piece of land with his brother Henry. This property can be equal to Henry, Jr.’s 1714/5 patent25. On 17 April 1739, however, a judgment was filed against Thomas in the Prince William courts for the sum of £1000 sterling, by the occasion of his non-appearance in a suit of Robert Johns Gent26. Thomas Harrison, Jr., was bond for Halley and Harrison received an attachment on all of Halley’s goods chattels, lands and tenements for £305.4.4 plus 636 pounds of tobacco and his costs. The sheriff of Prince William was ordered to sell Thomas Halley’s moiety in the 235 acres lying on the south side of Occoquan with the proceeds going to Thomas Harrison. John Gregg purchased the land for £18 in April 174127 and stated in his will that land he had purchased from Henry and Thomas Halley was to go to his unborn child, if a son.28

One other mention of Thomas was made in the estate account of Phillip K (N)oland. Thomas Halley was paid “clerk and sheriff’s fees” in the accounting.29 No tax records were found in Prince William County for Thomas, nor did he vote in the 1741 Burgesses election. He was not named as a voter in Fairfax County’s 1744 election.

Thomas Halley was “late of said Prince William County” in 173930 and no further primary evidence has been found on Thomas nor is there any mention of his family.

Mackenzie in Colonial Families of the United States copies a genealogy from a lost (?) Halley family diary that names a Thomas Halley (ca.1667-1750) as the ancestor of James Halley of Fairfax County.31 No primary evidence has substantiated the claim. This Thomas, of necessity, would be from an earlier generation. Did the records of Thomas Halley, son of Henry Halley, become confused with the records of the Fairfax ancestor? Recent research has proved beyond a doubt that the immigrant Thomas was not connected with the Fairfax family.32

MARY HALLEY, eldest daughter of Henry Halley, Jr., was married to Zachariah Miles before Nov. 1733 when they sold one-third of a 330 acre parcel to Edward Violet.33 These deeds of lease and release state that the land was devised to Mary Miles by Henry Hawley, her father, by his last will and testament. The remaining 165 acres were sold by Mary’s sister to James French.34

Zachariah Miles did not appear on the 1737 or 1739 Prince William tax rolls, but did vote in the 1741 House of Burgesses election.35 A John Miles was assessed for 464 acres on the 1753 tax rolls, but no family connection has been found. Further research is needed on the Miles/Mills family.

FRANCIS HALLEY, the youngest son of Henry Halley, Jr., was born before 1724 in Stafford County and died before 1733 in Prince William County. He was devised one-third of a plot of 330 acres but died before he came of age, as was explained in the 1741 deed between Leonard Hornsby and James French. ‘The date of his death is implied in the deed between Miles and Violet.37

SIBELLA HALLEY, born ca.1718, youngest daughter of Henry Halley, Jr., was married to Edmund Holmes. They sold the land she received from her father’s estate to James French prior to 1741.38 Sibella and her husband remained in Prince William County until he died in 1799. 39 She removed to Fauquier County where she died in 1803.40 There are extensive records in Prince William County on this couple but no further research has been done on this line.


There are no proved children of William and we are unable to follow the disposition of his 520 acre patent due to the loss of records. Possible children may be James Halley, Sr., and/or Benoni Halley. Both lived and were active in Fairfax County from 1740 through 1792.

JAMES HALLEY (SR.) was born 14 July 1707 according early researchers41 and resided in the Stafford/Prince William/Fairfax section of Virginia. By his own depo­sition in 1748 his birth has been placed around 1707.42 He also stated that Henry Hawley (generation 2) was his grandfather, thus connecting James with this Hawley family. An analysis of his testimony and that of Thomas Odford would indicate that William Halley took up Henry’s old tenancy and that James had either lived on it or visited it many times in order to know the boundaries.43 From these data, I believe there is a strong probability that James is the son of William Halley.44

These records and/or documents exist of James’ land transactions: prior to Aug. 1733 he was in possession of 100 acres on the head branches of Popes’ Head run between the uppermost great fork, then in Prince William County. These acres were part of a larger tract devised by Walter Griffin, Jr. to Thomas Simpson, for life, then reverting to Walter’s sister Elizabeth Hogan. One hundred acres were set aside for James Halley. 45

James received a patent for 690 acres on the north side of the South Run of Pohick in 1742.46 This was re- surveyed and re-granted as 780 acres in 1767.47 Fairfax County records show that James obtained a lease and re­lease for129 acres from Lewis Elzey on Popes Head Run in 1745.47

Another parcel of 300 acres was purchased by James from John Simpson in 1755, lying on Powell’s Run in Prince William County.49 This land was the subject of a long running suit of ejectment in Prince William courts, 1769-72, the Dumfries District Court and finally in the General Court at Richmond, 1790. The suit was settled in favor of James. 50 During this trial James deemed that “… his uncle, Walter Griffin told him…”51

Just how the Griffins and the Halleys were related i unknown but certainly an explanation of this connect would enhance this study

James paid no taxes in Prince William County on the 300 acres of Simpson land, 52 but was assessed Fairfax County taxes in 1761 and 1764 for 495 acres, and in 1770, 1772 and 1774 on 780 acres of his own and 214 acres of William Elzey’s property.

Some of James’ land transactions were indexed in Fairfax County but the Deed Books have been lost so it is not possible to follow all these parcels of land.53 In 1758 he deeded 230 acres to James, Jr., and another 230 acres to his eldest son, William.54 Missing Deed Book M contains deeds to his sons John and Richard and it is reasonable to assume that he gave them land also.

Deed Book Y in Prince William County contains deeds of lease and release between James Halley of Fairfax County and James Smith for 300 acres on Powell’s Run dated 3 Dec. 1791, obviously following the fina1 disposition of the ejectment trial mentioned above.”55

James married ca.1732 Elizabeth Simpson, daughter of Richard Withers Simpson and Sarah, widow of —— Barker.56 Elizabeth was born 1717 and died 22 July 1785 according to early family researchers.57 They had a large, long-lived family that settled in Fairfax County and Kentucky.58

James died testate in 1792.59 He devised the tract where he lived to his youngest son, Henry Simpson, and 205 acres to Francis. Livestock, cash and personal property were given to his daughters Sybille Peake, Sarah Haney, Mary Crump and Susanna Said. The remainder of the estate was divided among his ten children. James Jr. and Henry Simpson were executors of the estate which was inventoried in Sept. 1793.60 The value of his per­sonal property was 422, a not inconsiderable amount. It included four slaves, 16 cows, two horses, 20 sitting chairs and a large table, window panes and velvet for a waistcoat and breeches plus assorted “plantation utensils”. James seemingly led a modest but comfortable life in eighteenth century Virginia.

The children of James Halley, Sr., were: 61

William, ca.1733-1806

James II, ca.1738-1827

John, ca.1740-after 1830

Richard, ca.1750-1816

Francis, ca.1741-1819

Henry Simpson, 1762-1838

Sarah/Sallie, 1739-1809

Sybil, ?-1823

Mary, ca.1748-1824

Susannah, ca.1752-after 1830

BENONI HALLEY (HAWLEY), born at least ca.1715, appears in both Prince William and Fairfax County records. Benoni (Benjamin?) Halley of this fourth generation is the mystery Halley of this generation. This researcher uses “mystery” because we have found no definitive statement of his parentage.62 These are the facts that relate to him: Robert Brooke, surveyor of the Potomac River, names Benjamin Haling [sic] as one of his assistants in 1737.63 James W. Foster believes this man to be Benjamin Halley since there was no Benjamin in the Halinge family” 64 and Benoni Hawley was later named as a chainman several times.65 As late as 1771 Benoni was empowered to survey a Fairfax road.66 It seems reasonable that all these refer to the same man.

Benoni Halley voted in the Prince William 1741 House of Burgesses election which indicates he was either land owner or a large lease holder.67 He was not among the Fairfax County voters in 1744 or 1748, even though the order books indicate he was active in that county. He did vote in Fairfax elections of 1755, 1765 and 1777.68 A Benjamin Halley only voted once, in 1768.69 It is very probable that Benjamin is Benoni.

There are 17 entries for Benoni Hally in the Fairfax 1749-54 Order Book. Benjamin Halley had one entry: jury duty on 3 April 1750. Benoni was listed three times the 1754-56 Order Book, six times in 1756-62, five times in 1763-65 and 13 times in 1768-69, with six times plus assorted jury duty in 1770-71 and four times in 1772-1774.70 There are no order books from 1774 until 1782. Benoni did not appear in the order books after 1772. There are entries for jury duty, witnessing, surveying, ap­praising, suits, standing bail and administering estate. All in all, the picture of a very active citizen emerges.

From these entries it is clear that Benoni Halley lived in Fairfax County from at least 1749 until 1772. He presumably died between 1772 and 1784. His estimate age in 1772 would have been at least 57 years.

By March 1747 he was married to Mary, the widow of Thomas Ellzey, and they were administrators for Thomas’ accounts.71 Benoni, Mary and “his” son George were granted a three life lease by George Mason in 1753 on 100 acres in Fairfax County, where he had resided for several years.72 This land has been placed on Mason’s Neck upon the branches of the Accotink and Difficult Run.

No doubt tobacco was one of Benoni’s main crops, as was true of most Virginia planters. His tobacco mark was found in the ledger of John Glassford & Company, of Scotland, opposite his account.73 Benoni carried accounts through the 1760s including payment of his annual rent.74 He also had an account with the Ramsay- Dixon Company earlier. At least one account was dated 1754 and may indicate transactions for the period 1753 to 1757 when the partnership was dissolved. 75

Benoni signed the important 1770 Virginia Non-impor­tation Association broadside of Fairfax County.76 This petition was circulated to bring pressure on the British Parliament to repeal the duties levied on colonial im­ports. Fairfax, the only Virginia county to circulate these lists, initiated seven of them.77

In addition to these activities, Benoni Halley was accorded 800 pounds of tobacco from the Truro Parish vestry in Oct. 1748 for keeping Susanna Williams four months78 and 150 pounds if Nov. 1768 on a “P” account.79

Benoni was listed on the Fairfax list of tithables for 1749 as having two tithes and two slaves and was the only Halley listed.80 He was not noted as being a Quaker, Papist, Presbyterian or Anabaptist.

Papers in a Fairfax chancery case between John Mason and Joseph Bennett administrators show the three life lease Benoni made with George Mason was assigned to — Palmer and then to Joseph Bennett before it expired on 1 Dec. 1803.81 It was not unusual to assign leases nor exchange names in those leases, so there is no way of knowing just who was the last of Benoni’s family to use the lease. What is known is that before 1 Dec. 1803 the assigned member of Benoni’s family had died.

These are the primary data that have been found on Benoni Hawley in Prince William and Fairfax counties More research is needed to satisfy several questions. This researcher recognizes the entirely speculative nature of these next few paragraphs. They are meant as initial guidelines for future research only.

Who were Benoni’s parents? They would be from the third generation Hawleys and speculation points to William as the only logical candidate. Henry’s children were named in various deeds and his known lands were distributed among them. Benoni was involved several times with James Halley, whom I believe is a son of William. Obviously, Benoni could have been an immigrant or from the Maryland Hawleys, but research in Maryland has failed name any Benonis.

Was Mary Elzey, widow, the first marriage of Benoni? Again, the data seem to disprove this. They were married by March 1747, Thomas Elzey having died in 1743.82 Yet by 1749 Benoni had a tithable (male over 16) in his household. This obviously could not be a son of Mary Benoni. The Mason lease named George as “his son” not “their son”. Benoni would have been at least 32 when married Mary. All of these facts taken together imply a previous marriage.

Who were his children? Depending on his exact birth date, he could have had children born as early as 1730. Someone in his family lived until 1802/3 according to testimony in the Mason-Bennett case. There are no unidentified Halleys in Fairfax County at this time, but there are three in Prince William, all of whom left the area around 1754-65. Would their move and the death of George have been the reason for Benoni’s sale of his lease to Parker before it expired? Or did Benoni transfer the lease to another child?

What happened to George? No records have been found on a George Halley who was alive in 1753 in order to be named on a lease.

1 Prince William Co., Va., Deed Book B, pp. 193-95; Deed Book E, p. 495.

2 This tract has been noted as 234, 235 or 236 acres. I think that it is all the same tract.

3 Prince William Co., Va., Will Book C, pp. 404-05. A sad story emerges from the Court Order Books of the period concerning Henry’s family. In July 1756 Francis Halley was named guardian of Henry’s orphans: Margaret, Thomas, Mary and Sarah Halley. William Ellezy, Gent.,

4 Prince William Co., Va., tax rolls 1737, 1739, Brock Collection, Huntington Library, San Marino, Calif. Y.294.

5 William Fletcher Boogher, Gleanings of Virginia History (Washington, 1903), pp. 116-20.

6 Prince William Co., Va., Deed Book E, p. 495.

7 Approximate date, given age of Judith and orphans in 1756-62.

8 Prince William Co., Va., Deed Book Q, p. 174.

9 Ibid., Order Book 1755-57, p. 27.

10 Ibid., Order Book 1754-55, p. 236.

11 Ibid., Order Book 1755-57, p. 310. No mention has been found that initiated the action of administration.

12 Ibid., p. 133, 1 July 1756. William L. Reno, Jr. of Falls Church, Va., listed Thomas, Mary, Sarah, Henry and Francis as children of Henry and Judith Reno Halley. I did not find the child named Henry in the same citation Order Book 1761-63, p. 5, nor is it clear whether or not Francis is a child of Henry, decd.

13 Prince William Co., Va., Order Book 1755-57, p. 210, 25 Aug. 1756.

14 Ibid., pp. 222, 310; Order Book 1761-63, pp. 5, 249. The gap in records occurs since Order Books for 1757-61 and 1763-66 are lost.

15 Prince William Co., Va., Deed Book E, p. 495.

16 Ibid., Order Book 1761-63, p. 5.

17 Ibid., Order Book 1755-57, p. 310; Order Book 1761-63, p. 249.

18 A Francis Halley styled “of Prince William Co.” purchased 400 acres of land in Bedford Co., Va., in 1761 (Bedford Co., Va., Deed Book 1, p. 317). After 1762 there are no records of Francis in Prince William County. I believe that these are the same man, but have no proof.

19 Prince William Co., Va., Order Book 1754-55, p. 19.

20 Washington Papers, MSS Division, Library of Congress, roll 29, Capt. Thomas Waggoner’s pay roll dated Jan. 1754.

21 Ibid., Roll 31, Capt. Thomas Waggoner’s size roll, dated Aug.1757-Jan. 1758.

22 Prince William Co., Va., Order Book 1761-63, p. 26

23 Ibid., Deed Book B, pp. 37-38.

24 Fairfax County was formed in 1741 and this deed becomes important in relation to Thomas’ status of “late of said county of Prince William” in April 1741. Pos­sibly this was his residence at that time.

25 Northern Neck Grants, Bk. 5, p. 38.

26 Prince William Co., Va., Deed Book E, pp. 249-51.

27 Ibid.

28 Ibid ., Will Book C, pp. 404-05.

29 Ibid ., pp. 48-49.

30 Ibid., Deed Book E, pp. 249-51.

31 George Norbury Mackenzie, Colonial Families of the United States, v. 2 (Baltimore, 1911), pp. 302-03.

32 Washington MSS, Mount Vernon Ladies Association Library, MSS #243, a-d.

33 Prince William Co., Va., Deed Book B, pp. 193-95.

34 Ibid., Deed Book E, p. 495.

35 Boogher, op. cit., pp. 116-20.

36 Prince William Co., Va., Deed Book E, p. 495.

37 Ibid., Deed Book B, pp. 193-95.

38 Ibid., Deed Book E, p. 495.

39 George H. S. King, “Some Notes Relative to the Virginia Ancestry of President Harry S. Truman,” Tyler Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine, v. 21, p. 197.

40 Ibid.

41 Mackenzie, loc. cit.; Henry I. Hutton, unpublished MSS; Eugene F. MacPike, The Halley Family in England and America (n.p., n.d.). These three authors all used the same document, a diary of Henry Simpson Halley, Jr., for their conclusions. The original diary is not available for present research.

42 Washington MSS #243, p. b-front: “James Halley aged forty years being this Day produced as a witness the lands in controversy between Thomas Marshall, Plt and Sampson Darrel Deft. being sworn & examined on of the Pltf. saith the Point where John Gist now lives just below a branch was first [claimed] by Mr. Darrel father of the present Deft. & that Henry Hawley Grand­father to the Deponent told [him] … That the said Henry Hawley was one of the first Inhabitants settled on Spencer’s land. That he [Halley] heard his grandfather say several times …” [italics supplied].

43 Ibid., p. d-back: “Thomas Odford of Fairfax County, Carpenter, aged about fifty years … deposeth and saith that about eighteen years ago, he & one Daniel Ansdale, a Deponent in this suit, were employed by Capt. Richard Osborne to saw some plank … and directed this deponent to one William Hawley who this deponent has heard was a son of Henry Hawley, who was an ancient Tennant on the land of Spencer about half a mile below the line now run …” [italics supplied].

44 One additional fact to consider is that James named his eldest son William. The practice of naming an eldest son after his paternal grandfather was a common one in the eighteenth century.

45 Prince William Co., Va., Deed Book C, pp. 101-02. It is interesting to note that Walter Griffin’s sister married William Hogan, a name that was associated with Hawleys in a third generation patent of land.

46 Northern Neck Grants, Bk. F, p. 83.

47 Ibid., Bk. 0, p. 91.

48 Fairfax Co., Va., Deed Book A, pp. 388-90.

49 Stafford Co., Va., Deed Book B, p. 29.

50 Tyler’s Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine, v. 21, p. 197.

51 Prince William Co., Va., Land Causes 1789-93, pp. 34-82. Deposition found in 1788 records of the ejectment trial.

52 Prince William Co., Tax roll, Huntington Library, BR 294; rolls from 1737, 1739, 1753, 1754, 1760, 1761, 1762.

53 Fairfax Co., Va., Deed Book F, pp. 62, 64; Deed Book H, pp. 148, 150, 274; Deed Book J, pp. 200, 202.

54 Ibid., Deed Book D, p. 529 (missing), p. 530. The latter deed contains a reference to the missing page and deed.

55 Prince William Co., Va., Deed Book Y, pp. 89-91.

56 Fairfax Co., Va., Will Book B, pp. 347-49, 418-19

57 See note 41.

58 By the 5th generation the same Hawley/Halley name were used by several different family lines. Unless all the family units are researched, errors and confusion are bound to occur. This has certainly been the case in James’ line both in Virginia and Kentucky. Hopefully this study will inspire new research on the Fairfax line.

59 Fairfax Co., Va., Will Book F, p. 134.

60 Ibid., p. 271.

61 Children’s ages were computed, in the main, from dates they first appeared on tax lists, in deed books, etc. These births seem to cover an unusually long period of childbearing for one wife, i.e. 30 years.

62 Benoni is one of the 4th generation. His only Halley ties seem to be with James of Fairfax. They witnessed deeds together, went to court and were chain carriers for the same survey. Both lived in Fairfax County. My guess is that Benoni is a son of William Hawley, but there is no proof of this.

63 Calendar of Virginia State Papers, v. 1 (Richmond, 1875), p. 231.

64 William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, 2nd ser., v. 19, pp. 412-13.

65 Beth Mitchell, Beginning at a White Oak (Fairfax Va., 1977), p. 158; Fairfax Co., Va., Record of Surveys pp. 56, 73.

66 Fairfax Co., Va., Order Book 1770-71, p. 324.

67 Boogher, Zoc• cit.

68 Beth Mitchell, Unpublished MSS on residents of Fairfax Co., Va.

69 Ibid.

70 Fairfax Co., Va., Order Book index on microfiche at Fairfax County Court House.

71 Fairfax Co., Va., Will Book A, p. 223.

72 Ibid., Deed Book C, p. 559.

73 Mitchell, unpublished MSS; Glassford’s Ledgers, V, 185-89, 192, 194, Library of Congress MSS Division.

74 Ibid. This was common practice among the leasees.

75 Ramsay-Dixon Account Book, microfilm, Smithsonian


76 “Prologue to Revolution: The 1770 Virginia Non- importation Association Broadsides and Fairfax County,” Historical Branch, Fairfax, Va., Bulletin, List 6, col. 1.

77 The only other Halley signing was Samuel Halley (List 3, col. 2). He is from the Maryland Halleys.

78 Truro Parish, The Minutes of the Vestry, Pohick Church (Lorton, Va., 1947), p. 53.

79 Ibid., p. 111.

80 Truro Parish list of tithables, 1749, made by Charles Green. It is difficult to speculate who was the other tithable—George or some other son?

81 Fairfax Co., Va., Chancery papers, Court House, dated April 1839, Final Chancery.

82 Fairfax Co., Va., Will Book A, pp. 31, 49.